North American porcupines have much shorter quills than African crested porcupines. 55 0 obj <> endobj xref 55 28 0000000016 00000 n The Indian porcupine is an ‘Old World’ porcupine and one of the world's largest porcupines. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. Name two of the porcupine’s adaptive traits and how each helps it survive:2. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. 3. The quills themselves are essentially modified hairs. As the predator’s muscles work, they further embed the painful quills. "Adaptations of the Porcupine" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2020. ("The South African Porcupine Page", 1999; Smithers, 1983)Biogeographic Regions; ethiopian. Sponsoring/Publishing Agency, If Given. The African crested porcupine's teeth and digestive system are well adapted for its tough herbivorous diet. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. 0000003203 00000 n 0000019499 00000 n They shel­ter in caves, rock crevices, aard­vark holes, or bur­rows they dig them­selves (Grz­imek 1990). Indian Crested Porcupine Until a porcupine senses danger, its sharp quill lie flat, and stick out straight at the sign of a threat. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. native; Habitat. They are rodents with long, sharp front teeth that grow throughout their lives. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. H�\��j�0����\/JM�L��Z��������8�E�~RT:���g�_����s�IF�ah�0ɶs6�8�B��Ή$��k��i�6}�E���. Hystrix africaeaustralis is found only in sub-saharan Africa, excluding the coastal desert of the southwest. The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. Adaptive traits can improve animals find food, make a … Family Hystricidae. Quills easily detach from their body and attach to the predatory animals. These are stiff, hollow hairs made of keratin and approximately three inches in length with a sharp barb at the end. 0000005071 00000 n Further, their pointed end has a tiny barb, like a fishhook, that once entered into an animals skin does not pull out easily. Since the predator is now in pain and the quills are difficult to remove, the porcupine easily escapes the predator. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. When disturbed, they raise and fan quills to create an illusion of greater size (Nowak 1991). The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. They don’t hibernate and feed all winter, usually at night (nocturnal), but can be seen during the day. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. Although the crested porcupine has been confirmed as a “generalist” species in terms of food selection, with adaptations to dig underground storage organs, a strong preference for fruits and epigeal parts of plants was detected in our study. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. 0000003287 00000 n “Porcupine” means “quill pig.” Some animals kill and eat porcupines, but the quills are very sharp and pull out easily. Day Month Year of access < URL >. Bur­rows are often ex­ten­sive and used for many years (Nowak 1991). ©2005-2020 Sheri Amsel. This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000016137 00000 n They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. Porcupines are nocturnal rodents. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. 0000016024 00000 n What modern threat do porcupines face in their daily search for food from which their adaptive traits cannot protect them. This is any inheritable trait that increases it’s survival rate so that it can live longer, reproduce longer, and have more offspring (that also have that trait). o7�Z��b���B��,&z@��< ����� "ʰ � �6 endstream endobj 81 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[9 46]/Length 20/Size 55/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream The high hind legs of a cheetah are a physical adaptation. The porcupine has adaptive traits that help it survive in its forest habitat.1. Another amazing adaptation we see here is the quills of an African/Cape porcupine. 0000001271 00000 n Crested porcupines reach adult weight at one to two years and are often sexually mature just before then. They have sharp claws and can climb trees to feed on the bark and twigs high off the ground. The more than 30,000 quills covering the body of a porcupine represent this critter’s most obvious and most effective defense adaptation. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. 0000003092 00000 n Name two other living things that have an adaptive trait like the porcupine and how their adaptations help repel predators. • Porcupines often gnaw bones for their minerals and also to sharpen their powerful incisors. Crested porcupines have black and white stripped bristles and hollow quills covering their bodies. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives … Human also eat porcupines in some places. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. Other adaptations: Long, slim legs for running fast; long flat tail that allows it to change direction when chasing its prey at speed . 0000001431 00000 n "Title: Subtitle of Part of Web Page, if appropriate." They eat leaves, twigs, buds and even bark. Other adaptations: Long, slim legs for running fast; Long flat tail that allows it to change direction when chasing its prey at speed 3. Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. 0000028829 00000 n 0000028433 00000 n The crest starts from the top of the head and goes down to the shoulders. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. Old World crested porcupines have back quills that can stand up into a crest (like a Mohawk hairdo). I sat super super still not wanting to get quilled. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the t… The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. Terrestrial porcupines are found in the warmer regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Crested porcupine . h�b```b``�������� ̀ �,`ȱ��e��m�0KXa�{`fF�� �" (f`ab�nf`�a4a`;���|�ч��At��\�t���\d���X(v2�:7� The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. Adaptive traits can improve animals find food, make a safer home, escape predators, survive cold or heat or lack of water. The more than 30,000 quills covering the body of a porcupine represent this critter's most obvious and most effective defense adaptation. 0000004556 00000 n The amazingly strong front … Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. The quills of crested porcupines serve as an effective defense against predation. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. They eat leaves, twigs, buds and even bark. Family Hystricidae. 0000019119 00000 n All rights reserved. They have a small head and their body is covered with sharp quills (thick needle-like hairs). Thus the name raise, becoming a crest on occasion by stabbing vital areas search for food from which adaptive... Modern threat do porcupines face in their daily search for food from their... 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