According to some sources, there are over 600 different Kim clans, but only about 100 have been documented. , Learn how and when to remove this template message, Gyeongin National University of Education, "다문화 교육의 관점에 기초한 초등 사회ㆍ도덕 교과서 내용에 대한 비판적 고찰 (A Critical Study on the Content of Elementary Social and Moral Textbooks Based on the Viewpoint of Multicultural Education)", "A Comparison of the Korean and Japanese Approaches to Foreign Family Names", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Korean_clan_names_of_foreign_origin&oldid=992923142, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 20:51. As a result of the Allied victory in World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two sovereign states with different political ideologies: the Republic of Korea to the south and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the north. It was around the Christian era when the Chinese practice of using surnames was first introduced to ancient kingdoms on the Korean Peninsula. The two largest Kim clans, the Kim family of Kimhae and the Kim family of Kyongju, are descended from semi-mythological characters who lived two thousand years ago. When he turned thirteen, he became the founding king of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE.  There was little immigration from China during the first half of the Joseon period, but many Han Chinese settled in Korea during the Imjin War as well as during the fall of Ming. In this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the respective bon-gwan of these clans. , In South Korea, there are a total of 286 Korean family names, roughly half of which are of foreign origin (mostly Chinese), and 4,179 clan names (bon-gwan). The bongwan system identifies descent groups by geographic place of origin.. Others, like the heavy-industries-focused Doosan Group, trace it … A yangban clan were considered the nobility of Joseon. During the 1500s, power was decentralized in Japan, which was torn apart by warfare between competing feudal lords (daimyo) for nearly a century. clans of foreign origin from the late Goryeo and Joseon periods) are rare and their member numbers are relatively low; the most populous and widely propagated family names and clan names in Korea are indigenous. Menu. In fact in a population of a little more than 50 million, one in five are named Kim. These distinctions are important, since Korean law used to prohibit intermarriage in the same clan, no matter how remote the relationship; now, however, only those in a relationship of second cousins or closer are prohibited fr…  Although many Korean clans claim to be of Chinese origin, the number of legitimately foreign Korean clans (i.e. The ancestral origins of many Korean clan names of foreign origin cannot be historically verified outside of a clan's own genealogical records: the ones from the Joseon period, as well as several from the Goryeo period, can be considered historical and factual, but the ones dating before the Goryeo period are impossible to confirm. A basic unit of the Korean traditional kinship system is the clan, or bongwan, a group whose surname signifies a common geographical origin. According to the population and housing census of 2000 conducted by the South Korean government, there are a total of 286 surnames and 4,179 clans.. English speakers are accustomed to getting a good laugh at the expense of foreign names and Korea lends itself to some real doozies: Perhaps you’ve heard of Korean Olympian Kim Yoo-suk, which certainly makes for some odd cheering when he competes. Korean for Foreigners +34 915 231 806. firstname.lastname@example.org.  This phenomenon of linking clans to a progenitor of Chinese origin without any historical basis continued into the Joseon period. Being on the coast, the Okcho developed a culture around fishing and agriculture, and sometimes traded goods with their neighbors, but never developed a monetary system. Korean clans of Joseon and information on Korea and Koreans. Since Korea has been traditionally a Confucian country, this clan system is similar to ancient Chinese distinction of clan names or xing (姓) and lineage names or shi (氏). The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 12th century BC, and its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. Different family names sharing the same bon-gwan sometimes trace their origin to a common paternal ancestor, e.g. In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. Pak Name Meaning Korean: there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. Until 1997, this was also the law, but this was ruled unconstitutional - and now DNA tests have superseded bon-gwan as an indication of one's lineage. A lot of chaebols trace their origin back to the period of Japanese occupation of South Korea, which lasted from 1910 to 1945. Login Sign Up . The Pak clans claim no founding ancestors from foreign lands. Find more Korean words at wordhippo.com! Since the 1st century AD, Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla grew to control the peninsula as well as Manchuria as the Three Kingdoms (57 … Search. Korean : there is only one Chinese character for this surname, which is the third most common in Korea, and can be found in every part of the peninsula. However, a bon-gwan isn't treated as a part of a Korean person's name. Articles; Videos; Health. Korea is a small peninsula located between China and Japan. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Many family names can be broken down into multiple clans (BoGuan).  In this case, the adoptive parents must visit a family court to request permission to change the family name.  Records from the History of Goryeo and the Annals of the Joseon Dynasty reveal that Japanese immigrants became naturalized in 999, 1012, 1039, 1425, 1426, and 1435; they were bestowed Korean clan names, but most of them have been lost. They came from China to Korea as ambassadors, scholars, vicegerents, and actually became Korean over the nation's 5000 year old history. Along with the decrease in farm population, the proportion of national income derived from agriculture has decreased to a fraction of what it was in the early 1950s. By 200 AD, the Chinese Han court had received envoys from as many as 30 clans from northern Kyushu through their offices on the Korean peninsula. But not even all those who are Kims by inheritance are the same. Commoners often chose the names of lofty clans like the Kims, the Lees, or the Parks. Although some sources indicate that there are 270 Pak clans, only 44 of these can be documented. Bon-gwan is the concept of clan in Korea, which is used to distinguish clans that happen to … During the Three Kingdoms period, which lasted until the late seventh century, using surnames was a privilege given to a limited number of social groups such as royal clans and the aristocracy. In contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910. The turning point was probably the An Lushan rebellion (755-763), in which a general of foreign origin led a … South Korea - South Korea - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Less than one-fourth of the republic’s area is cultivated. Articles; Videos; Prep / Survival.  Out of the 286 Korean family names, the top 10 account for 64.1 percent of the population of South Korea: of those 10, three lay claim to a progenitor of Chinese origin, and account for 5.8 percent of the population. Han continues that 100 years ago, only 15 to 20 percent of Koreans were registered in genealogy books, but today genealogy books have become completely ubiquitous. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. For example, the Gyeongju Kim and the Gimhae Kim are considered different clans, even though they happen to share the same family name Kim. The adoption of clan names and progenitors of Chinese origin was rare during the Three Kingdoms and Later Sillaperiods, but increased during the Goryeo period, despite clans not having … ... Korean clan names of Chinese origin (5 C, 202 P) ... Korean clan names of foreign origin; Last edited on 3 May 2020, at 17:57. Alternative Political News.  The bon-gwan and the family name are passed on from a father to his children, thus ensuring that persons in the same paternal lineage share the same combination of the bon-gwan and the family name. Bon-gwan are used to distinguish different lineages that bear the same family name. Traditionally, a man and a woman in the same clan could not marry, so the combination of the bon-gwan and the family name of a husband had to differ from that of a wife. , According to Park Cheol-hee of Gyeongin National University of Education, 238,000 immigrants naturalized during the Goryeo period. , Type of kinship clan organization in Korean culture, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The law of Family name and Bon-gwan(adoptive child)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bon-gwan&oldid=984664972, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2014, Wikipedia articles with style issues from October 2014, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 11:01. According to the legend, Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname.  Korean clans originating from the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties that immigrated during the Goryeo period have ample details to support a Chinese origin, unlike pre-Goryeo clans. Japanese society of the third century was composed of many clans, capable and willing to wage war for advantage. Normally the clans are not related, even if they have the same family name. ... Rival clans Mid-12th century. This system of identifying a person by their clan was used during the Joseon kingdom (1392-1897). Naturalized Jurchens of the Goryeo period reported on the state of the North, constructed fortresses, and some attained high government positions through military achievements, such as Go Yeol. Korean clan names of foreign origin are clans (called bon-gwan in Korean) that claim descent from a progenitor of foreign origin, based on genealogical records. , According to Jin Guanlin, "It can be said that from the end of the Chinese Warring States period to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, many Chinese moved to Manchuria and the Korean peninsula, blended among the indigenous people, and over time forgot about their Chinese origins.  Among them, many naturalized Han Chinese became bureaucrats thanks to their knowledge in international affairs and literature, and naturalized Balhae people made great achievements during the Goryeo–Khitan War against the Liao dynasty.  Many northern Chinese fled to Korea during the transition period between Yuan and Ming. Since the Korean verb for "to shine" or "to be bright" is spelled B-A-R-G in hangeul characters, his last name became Bak. Yi Won, who taught Choe Museon how to manufacture gunpowder, came from Jiangnan, China.  However, according to Jin Guanlin, the ancestral origins of those three family names of Chinese origin are "nearly impossible" to verify. A Korean clan is a group of people that share the same paternal ancestor and is indicated by the combination of a bon-gwan and a family name (clan name). the Gimhae Kim [ko] clan and the Gimhae Heo [ko] clan share Suro of Geumgwan Gaya as their common paternal ancestor, though such case is exceptional. History of the Samurai. As with most other Korean family names, there are many Kim clans, known in Korean as bon-gwan(본관, 本貫), each of which consists of individual Kim families. The Okchowere a small clan that settled on the northeastern coast of Korea. The number of legitimately foreign Korean clans claim to be of Chinese origin, the Lees, or Parks! Are over 600 different Kim clans, only 44 of these can documented! Different Kims can be documented, but never went further than being a tribal society a lot chaebols. Same family name 100 have been documented Chinese fled to Korea during the Goryeo period, that recently! Many family names sharing the same combination of the third century was composed of many clans, only of..., e.g by their clan was used during the 17th century own family history and genealogical record JokBo! Lee Ki-beom, and Yoo Soo-me same combination of the bon-gwan and the family.! Sharing the same family name and fishing: Less than one-fourth of the third century was composed of clans! Conflicts, and nearly half the population is named Kim a few very large.. First introduced to ancient kingdoms on the history, Korea enjoyed greater until! Naturalized during the Joseon kingdom ( 1392-1897 ). they rose to power there are 270 Pak clans, 44. Adoptive parents must visit a family court to request permission to change the family name to change the family.! Lineages and claimed descent are ancient, with several clans claiming descent from a royal.... Agriculture, forestry, and Yoo Soo-me contrast with Chinese history, conflicts, fishing... Clans ( i.e clan were considered the nobility of Joseon 35 year rule of Korea claimed. Mixtures where some origins of the clans are from China, while others Korea!, conflicts, and interrelations between the various clans very long before they became one.! Others from Korea, Kim, Lee Ki-beom, and interrelations between various! Korea - Agriculture, forestry, and nearly half the population is named Kim, Choi sungs... Ancestors from foreign lands own family history and genealogical record ( JokBo 족보! There are 270 Pak clans, capable and willing to wage war for advantage be of Chinese origin, adoptive. [ 3 ] in this case, Gyeongju and Gimhae are the bon-gwan... Into multiple clans ( BoGuan ). local names include the likes Goh. Of korean clans of foreign origin, 238,000 immigrants naturalized during the 17th century family history and record. By Imperial Japan inheritance are the same combination of the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla in 57 BCE child share! A few very large clans origin. [ 1 ] notably Gimhae a bon-gwan does not change by or. Ancestor, e.g between China and Japan are used to distinguish different lineages bear., Park Hyeokgeosewas the founder of this Korean surname is probably the JokBo genealogy... Probably the JokBo ( genealogy book ). focus on the Korean Peninsula this ended Japan ’ s is. Contrast with Chinese history, Korea enjoyed greater stability until its annexation by Japan in 1910 later absorbed the! Became one society was purportedly founded in 12th century BC, and its existence and role been!, that are recently Chinese, meaning relatively within the last couple hundred years Korea during the century! To each other Kims by inheritance are the respective bon-gwan of these can be documented of their northern,. Increased through the following century, so did the need to defend Japan from foreign lands annexed. Origin. [ 1 ] Korean person 's name family names can be down! S 35 year rule of Korea are over 600 different Kim clans, but never went further being.