orioles) eat the fruit of Amelanchier species. The early summer berries are edible by both humans and wildlife. You can freeze services berries for use in smoothies or pies (https://nchfp.uga.edu/how/freeze.html). Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Phonetic Spelling am-uh-LAN-kee-er ar-bor-EE-ah Description. When the berries start to ripen the birds will eat the berries. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Similar … For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. This Missouri native tree offers edible small berry-like fruit, usually quickly eaten by birds, that changes color throughout the seasons. 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Forest Prince apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. This is also helpful for picking the berries before the birds get them. Serviceberries are not overly sensitive to soil type but prefer a pH of 6.0 to 7.8. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. Downy Serviceberry. The Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) is a large shrub or small tree which reaches 15-20 feet in height. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The serviceberry is in the rose family so it can suffer from the same type of problems as roses do. ‘Cole’s Select’): 20 feet high and 15 feet wide; upright, spreading habit; orange-red fall color; thick, glossy summer foliage. Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) Jul 10, 2014 - These small delicious blueberry like fruits are on a Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) tree. If you are growing this tree for a food source for yourself, you will want to keep a close eye on the berries ripening and harvest them quickly. These tend to grow to a large shrub size with lots of purple edible berries that are similar to blueberries. Planting in the spring will give the trees a lot of rainfall and time to get settled before the heat of the summer hits. If you are growing this tree to attract wildlife this is not a problem, it is a blessing. Be sure to dispose of infected limbs properly; don’t put them in the compost pile. Place a 2-inch (5 cm.) is a small deciduous tree or shrub with attractive white spring blossoms, that provides year-round interest in the landscape, as well as producing edible fruits. They are all edible although, with local conditions such as soil and weather dictating their exact taste and juiciness. Range map for Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea). The most flavorful amelanchier is the Saskatoon serviceberry (A. alnifolia). Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. The fruit is good to eat but is not as juicy as some (drier). The berries change from green, to pink, to red, and then a dark purple when they are fully ripe. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. The plants are slightly different, as are the fruit, but as a whole, they’re all pretty similar wild edible berries. Fall colour ranges from orange to rust. all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. ‘Forest Prince’):  20 feet high and 15 feet wide;  oval habit and red-orange fall color. The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Serviceberries, also known at Juneberries or Saskatoon, are native to Illinois and many of our neighboring states. Fragrant white flowers open in mid-spring, followed by red-purple fruit. Fruit: Showy, Edible Tolerate: Clay Soil. You can also can the berries in juice, syrup, or water or make jam with the berries (https://nchfp.uga.edu/publications/usda/GUIDE02_HomeCan_rev0715.pdf). Serviceberries (Amelanchier spp.) Downy Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea, also called Downy Juneberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25 feet tall in cultivation but can reach 40 feet in the wild. Native to Canada. However, its fruit turns purplish-black at maturity and are also quite delicious. have amassed quite a few, including Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, May cherry, servicetree, and sarvisberry. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. YES. They are not salt tolerant so planting too close to a driveway, sidewalk, or road can cause stress to the shrub or tree. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Plant trees 9 feet (2.5 m.) apart as a hedgerow for serviceberry fruit production. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a … Other names: French name: Amélanchier arborescent. Habitat. Noteworthy Characteristics. The red or dark purple fruit are typically sweet and juicy, although some, like Amelanchier arborea are drier and don’t have as much flavour. Occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Delicate clusters of white flowers are some of the first to appear in the spring, then plumy-red leaf buds unfurl into fuzzy roundedfoliage. Plants benefit from a mulch layer to conserve moisture and moderate soil temperatures. Usually, the birds beat me to the fruit, but this year my tree has such a large crop that I was able to share. It can be eaten out of hand, used in pies, preserves etc or dried and used like raisins[183]. No information available. Filed Under: Blog Tagged With: Fruit, Native Plants, Native Species, Serviceberry, 206 North Randolph Street, Suite 400 - Champaign, Illinois 61820 217-840-2128. All are edible, none are poisonous, so if you know it is a Serviceberry, you can try the berry. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. Latin (scientific) name: Amelanchier arborea. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis) grows 6 to 30 feet in height. These become sweetly fragrant white blooms in the spring (April). Sam Bahr, photographer Use clean and sharp pruners to remove just what is necessary. I often see them growing along streams and rivers. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. In fall expect to see the leaves transition to a beautiful hue of Yellow, orange and red. Smooth bark has "stretch marks," adding to visual interest all year. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E, Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. One of the great bonuses of this member of the Rose family is that it does not have thorns. The fruit contains a few small seeds at the centre, it has a sweet flavour with a hint of apple[1, 2]. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. - 25 ft. 0 in. Amelanchier arborea, or Serviceberry, is a deciduous tree that typically grows 15 to 25 feet tall with a narrow, rounded form; however, it can reach heights of 40' in the wild.The trunk can range from 6 inches for a small tree to 18 inches. Edible fruit/nut tree? With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) – One of the first plants to burst into bloom each year, this small woody tree gets its name from the downy silvery-colored leaves.The “serviceberry” refers to the Appalachian tradition of honoring memorial services for the dead in January at the same time the serviceberry blooms in clouds of tiny white flowers. Good for baked goods and jams. Serviceberries are beautiful native trees with tasty edible fruit. Amelanchier alnifolia, the saskatoon, Pacific serviceberry, western serviceberry, alder-leaf shadbush, dwarf shadbush, chuckley pear, or western juneberry, is a shrub with edible berry-like fruit, native to North America from Alaska across most of western Canada and in the western and north-central United States.Historically, it was also called pigeon berry. Powdery mildew, rust and leaf spot may also occur. Known also as the Common Serviceberry. Serviceberry (Amelanchierspp.) Names. They also perform best in soil that is lighter and not loaded with clay, as this prevents adequate drainage. Others are better fresh. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. https://thelandconnection.org/blog/edible-native-landscaping-serviceberry Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. Edible fruit - raw or cooked[101, 227]. Serviceberries require pruning yearly; late winter or early spring is best before the new leaves appear. by Erin Harper, University of Illinois Extension. Native. Harvested serviceberry fruit can be a delightful treat and growing serviceberry trees is easy to do. Serviceberries are trees or bushes, depending on cultivar, with a beautiful natural shape and edible fruit. Birds will be your biggest problem. Fall planted trees (September-October) will have time to take up water and establish before winter. Let’s learn more about the care of serviceberries in the landscape. Amelanchier arborea, commonly called downy serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall in cultivation but can reach 40' in the wild.A Missouri native plant that occurs most often in open rocky woods, wooded slopes, and bluffs. Some people think it tastes like blueberries, and they are also a bird favorite. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). ‘Autumn Brilliance’):  20 to 25 feet high and wide;  red fall color. With proper conditions they will produce Fruits that are edible to humans. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. The native downy serviceberry produces a small red fruit edible for people and wildlife. Edible fruit Fragrance Shade Wildlife Food Source Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Mildly resistant to deer damage Edibility: Tasty fruits, similar in flavor to blueberries, edible raw or cooked. While all serviceberry fruit is edible, the tastiest fruit is found on the Saskatoon variety. You should always wash your produce well before consuming it. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. Mammals that either eat the fruit or browse the twigs and leaves of downy serviceberry include squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, mice, voles, foxes, black bears, deer, and elk. The Downy Serviceberry has silvery fuzzy buds in late winter. There are several different varieties of serviceberry with variations in height, fruit ripening time, and fall color. Irrigate when the top 3 or 4 inches (7.5-10 cm.) For jam making, it is always good to have some of the fruit be under-ripe because underripe fruit has more pectin. Serviceberries can be eaten raw; in my opinion, they taste a bit like a pear. https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/good-growing/2016-03-30-plant-tree, https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-and-plant-advice/horticulture-care/fall-planting-trees-and-shrubs, Trees and shrubs should be pruned in later winter (February and early March) before they start to form new leaves. There are several cultivars that have been bred to accentuate these various features. The Downy Serviceberry does well or is tolerant in Moist, Well-Drained Acidic, Alkaline, Clay, Loamy soil. Well, Downy serviceberry is that plant. Princess Diana apple serviceberry  (Amelanchier x grandiflora ‘Princess Diana’):   20 to 25 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide; upright habit, excellent red fall color. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. For more information on food preservation check out the upcoming Fill Your Pantry webinar series (, https://illinois.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJ0uf-2grjotH9a3CtIIWzlfEpNMdaiwmqmG. If you want a shrub, leave several branches coming from the base; if you want a tree trim all of the branches around the base except for one, this will become your tree trunk. The fruits taste similar to blueberry – they are eaten fresh or cooked in pastries or puddings. Growing Serviceberry for Fruit and Beauty April 7, 2020 7:25 pm The summer fruits of serviceberry are tart and sweet.. Well-loved plants tend to collect lots of descriptive common names. Recently I picked several fruits to eat with cereal and freeze for smoothies. To avoid serious problems with insects and disease, keep your serviceberry as healthy as possible. Care of serviceberries planted in sandy soils requires more frequent watering, as it drains quicker than loamy soil. On most, the berries are sweet and juicy, some (like the Downy Serviceberry) the fruit is dry and tasteless. Check out this YouTube video for more on tree pruning (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2ZwfqMCT0E). In general when pruning you want to start by removing broken or dead branches, then remove unwanted base shoots and branches along the bottom main stem (if growing a tree), and then step back and make your final cuts to create the shape, size, and thickness desired. If you have newly planted trees (3-5 years) be sure to water your trees during the drier times of the year. The tree averages 25 feet in height and 30 feet in width. Status. Other notes. Introduction: Downy serviceberry is one of the largest serviceberries, growing up to 30 feet tall.It can grow into a single or multistemmed plant. 3, 55, 101, 159 ] as roses do tastes blueberries. 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